For the UN COP23 in Bonn, the EU would focus on continuing the implementation of the Paris Agreement and establishing a balanced set of guidelines for all its provisions, to ensure the effectiveness of the global climate agreement. Looking for a glimmer of air in the unseely UN climate report? Here we can determine the effects of climate change through the political, economic and social choices we are making today. The Paris Agreement was launched at the signing on April 22, 2016 (Earth Day) at a ceremony in New York.  After the agreement was ratified by several EU member states in October 2016, there were enough countries that had ratified the agreement to produce enough greenhouse gases in the world for the agreement to enter into force.  The agreement came into force on November 4, 2016.  Iran, Iraq and Libya – all members of the Itoralian organization of oil-exporting countries (Opec) – and conflict-torn states such as Yemen and South Sudan have not ratified the agreement. In addition, countries are working to reach “the global peak in greenhouse gas emissions” as soon as possible. The agreement has been described as an incentive and engine for the sale of fossil fuels.   This strategy included energy and climate policy, including the so-called 20/20/20 targets of a 20% reduction in carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, an increase in the market share of renewable energy to 20% and a 20% increase in energy efficiency.
 While CNN`s ambitions are an important objective of the global inventory, they assess efforts that go beyond mitigation. The five-year revisions will also assess adaptation, climate change provisions, and technology development and transfer.  Reports on national communications are often several hundred pages long and cover a country`s actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as well as a description of its vulnerabilities and effects of climate change.  National communications are established in accordance with guidelines adopted by the UNFCCC Conference of Parties. Contributions (planned) at the national level (NDC), which form the basis of the Paris Agreement, are shorter and less detailed, but also follow a standard structure and are subject to technical review by experts.