Sykes Picot Agreement Significance

The Sykes-Picot Agreement (officially the 1916 agreement in Asia Minor) was a secret agreement reached during world war I between the British and French governments on the division of the Ottoman Empire between the Allies. Russia also participated in the talks. Second, at the end of the war, the British, not the French, occupied the Asian Arab territory from within, which was part of the Ottoman Empire. As they played a stronger hand than the French, they took for themselves to divide this territory into zones under the authority of the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration. And the boundaries of the various administrative areas conflicted with those set by the Sykes-Picot agreement. On April 21, Faisal headed east. Before leaving, on 17 April Clemenceau sent a draft letter in which the French government declared that it recognized “Syria`s right to independence in the form of a federation of autonomous governments in accordance with the traditions and wishes of the population”, claiming that Fayçal had recognized “that France is called a power, Syria the necessary assistance by various advisers On 20 April , Fayçal Clemenceau assured that he was “deeply impressed by the selfless kindness of your statements while I was in Paris, and I must thank you for first proposing the sending of the Allied Commission which will soon travel to the East to identify the wishes of the local peoples regarding the future organization of their country. I am sure the Syrian people will know how to show you their gratitude. [95] The agreement was officially abrogated by the Allies at the San Remo Conference in April 1920, when the mandate of Palestine was entrusted to Great Britain. One of Daesh`s stated objectives is to dismantle the agreement. The head of the outfit, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, called for the decomposed nations of the region to be replaced by a transnational regional power called the “caliphate”. In 1917, the Bolsheviks took power in Russia.

The new government has focused on consolidating power in its own country, not on access to holy sites or interim arrangements, renouncing all secret agreements in which the Tsarist government has participated. From the 1930s to the 1960s, Arab nationalists invoked the secret agreement as a symbol of Western betrayal. The West, they claimed, has thwarted the arabs` natural propensity to unite in one state. In addition, it supported the State of Israel – a “dagger stuck in the heart of the Arab world,” as the then Egyptian President Gamal`Abd al-Nasser once said – to achieve this goal. After the Constantinople Agreement, the French turned to the British to develop their reciprocal desiderata and the British set up the De Bunsen Committee on 8 April 1915 to examine British options. [45] Zionism was not taken into account in the June 1915 Committee report,[46] which concluded that in the event of division or zone of influence, there must be a British sphere of influence that included Palestine, while accepting that there be relevant French and Russian interests, as well as Islamic interests, in Jerusalem and in the holy places. [47] Today, 100 years ago, was signed the Sykes-Picot Agreement, which divided the Middle East into the domination of the colonial powers.